In the late eighteenth century, bourgeois was a legal term that referred to those urban non-nobles who. They had the right to bear arms, in the old regime typically granted to nobles and bourgeoisie of the towns, and, after July 14, specifically denied to the working classesor rather, denied to those who were not members of the Guard. Mazas research has been supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities, the National Humanities Center, the Woodrow Wilson Center, the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation and the Stanford Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. The Myth of the French Bourgeoisie, and the answer. Private Lives and Public Affairs: The Causes Célèbres of Pre-Revolutionary France, University of California Press, 1993. Representative Articles, the Bastard Child of a Noble House: Détective and Middle-Class Culture in Interwar France, in Charles Walton,., Into Print: Limits and Legacies of the Enlightenment (Penn State Press, 2011 32-49. Most of her work concerns the social imaginary, the ways in which people in the past have understood, experienced and represented social identities, particularly class identities. As for the bourgeois role in the French revolution, Maza inverts the besieged marxist interpretation: the French bourgeoisie did not make the revolution, but were made. Bourgeois was an expression of praise only when it applied to domestic virtues; in the public sphere it became a criticism, denoting an excessive egoism and pettiness that precluded a consideration of the greater good.
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Servants and Masters in Eighteenth-Century France: The Uses of Loyalty (Princeton University Press, word count essay vine 1983 Private Lives and Public Affairs: the Causes Célèbres of Pre-Revolutionary France (University of California Press, 1993 which won the David Pinkney Prize of the Society for French Historical Studies, The Myth. And what are. Please contact for more information. Companion to Western Historical Thought (2002). Thinking About History, will be published by the University of Chicago Press in 2017. . D., Princeton, 1978 Jane Long Professor in the Arts and Sciences, specializes in the history of France from the eighteenth to the twentieth century, with a focus on social, cultural and intellectual history.